Category: General European Biographies

By John Gurney

the facility of estate used to be introduced into production through the sword', so wrote Gerrard Winstanley (1609-1676) – Christian Communist, chief of the Diggers circulation and bête noire of the landed aristocracy. regardless of being one of many nice English radicals, Winstanley is still unmentioned in state-of-the-art lists of 'great Britons'.

John Gurney unearths the hidden historical past of Winstanley and his circulate. As a part of the unconventional ferment which swept England on the time of the civil struggle, Winstanley led the Diggers in taking on land and working it as 'a universal treasury for all' – upsetting violent competition from landowners. Gurney additionally publications us via Winstanley's writings, that are one of the such a lot awesome prose writings of his age.

Gerrard Winstanley: The Digger's existence and Legacy is a needs to learn for college kids of English historical past and all these looking to re-claim the commons today.

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By Marta Kijowska

Jan Karski warfare einer der wichtigsten Kuriere der polnischen Untergrundbewegung im Zweiten Weltkrieg. 1942/43 versorgte er die Alliierten mit detaillierten Informationen über das Schicksal der Juden in Polen. Doch seine Hoffnung, sie zu einem Eingreifen zu bewegen, erfüllte sich nicht. 2011 erschien sein noch im Krieg verfasster „Bericht an die Welt“ erstmals auf Deutsch und erregte großes Interesse. Jetzt legt Marta Kijowska die erste deutschsprachige Biografie vor, die sein ganzes Leben erzählt, auch die frühen Jahre und die Zeit nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg.
Jan Karski wurde 1914 in Lodz geboren und hatte eine Diplomatenkarriere vor sich, als die Wehrmacht Polen überfiel. Unter der deutschen Okkupation wurde er zu einem der aktivsten Mitglieder der polnischen Untergrundbewegung und zu einem ihrer wichtigsten Kuriere. Im Herbst 1942 wurde er auf einer speziellen undertaking in den Westen geschickt. Er sollte die polnische Exilregierung und die Alliierten über die Arbeit des Untergrunds, aber auch über das Schicksal der polnischen Juden informieren. Um einen möglichst glaubwürdigen Bericht zu liefern, ließ er sich vorher ins Warschauer Ghetto und in ein Transitlager im Osten Polens einschleusen. Doch seine Versuche, die Welt zu alarmieren, blieben ohne Wirkung: Er wurde zwar in London u.a. von Außenminister Anthony Eden und in Washington sogar von Präsident Franklin D. Roosevelt empfangen, doch entweder schenkte guy seinem Bericht keinen Glauben oder guy blieb gleichgültig. Schockiert und enttäuscht, wollte Karski über seine Erlebnisse nie wieder sprechen. Er ließ sich in Washington nieder, wo er viele Jahre an der Georgetown collage lehrte. Erst Ende der 70er Jahre gelingt es Claude Lanzmann ihn für seinen Dokumentarfilm „Shoah“ vor die Kamera zu holen. Erneut betätigt Karski sich als Kurier, diesmal als Kurier der Erinnerung.

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By Maureen O'Rourke Murphy

The first biography of Asenath Nicholson, Compassionate Stranger
recovers the mostly forgotten background of a unprecedented lady. knowledgeable as a college instructor, Nicholson used to be concerned with the abolitionist, temperance, and nutrition reforms of the day sooner than she left manhattan in 1844 "to individually examine the situation of the Irish poor." She walked on my own all through approximately each county in eire and pronounced on stipulations in rural eire at the eve of the good Irish Famine. She released
Ireland’s Welcome to the Stranger, an account of her travels in 1847. She lower back to eire in December 1846 to do what she may possibly to alleviate famine suffering—first in Dublin after which within the wintry weather of 1847–48 within the west of eire the place the soreness was once maximum. Nicholson’s unique, specified diaries and correspondence show haunting insights into the desperation of sufferers of the Famine and the negligence and greed of these who extra to the pain. Her account of the good Irish Famine, Annals
of the Famine in eire in 1847, 1848 and 1849, is either a checklist of her paintings and an indictment of respectable rules towards the bad: land, employment, famine reduction. as well as telling Nicholson’s tale, from her formative years in Vermont and upstate long island to her better-known paintings in eire, Murphy places Nicholson’s personal writings and different old records in dialog. This not just contextualizes Nicholson’s existence and paintings, however it additionally supplementations the impersonal reliable documents with Nicholson’s extra compassionate and impassioned bills of the Irish poor.

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By S. Cleary,I. Stabell,Short,Quinlan

Named ethical father of the net by means of stressed out journal and quoted by means of President Barack Obama in his ancient first inaugural deal with, Thomas Paine is an American innovative determine who keeps to intrigue and infuriate. New instructions in Thomas Paine experiences deals an interdisciplinary standpoint on Paine's special impact on a couple of eighteenth-century discourses, from politics and literature, to human rights and faith. This quantity goals to extend the sector of analysis on essentially the most very important figures no longer easily within the American, however the worldwide progressive interval of the past due eighteenth-century. Drawing on a global workforce of students who desire to deconstruct the nationalistic barriers that experience hampered Paine reports for many years, the essays supply not just new interpretations of Paine's significant works, yet new methodologies that replicate the iconic presence of Paine in American cultural discourse.

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By Richard D. Weigel

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus used to be an important strength in Roman political, spiritual and army affairs in the course of the overdue Republic. besides the fact that, in so much money owed he's brushed aside speedy, made activity of, or bitterly attacked. via a cautious exam of Lepidus's profession, Richard Weigel has proven why a number of the assets are antagonistic and the way those have created an erroneous evaluation of Lepidus's position in historical past. Weigel exhibits that Lepidus was once a reliable administrator and that he used to be constant in serving the Republic's wishes as he understood them.

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By Marshall Fishwick

examine why Cicero is taken into account some of the most very important contributors in all of Western culture!

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) used to be a poet, thinker, author, pupil, barrister, statesman, patriot, and the linguist who helped make Latin right into a common language. His many affects in rhetoric, politics, literature, and concepts are visible all through Western civilization. Cicero, Classicism, and pop culture explores the interesting guy in the back of the eloquence and his enormous impact on language, morality, and recognition of Western tradition. one of many prime gurus on pop culture, Dr. Marshall Fishwick discusses the multifaceted guy who could be, in addition to Jesus, the imperative determine in all of Western civilization.

The writer recounts his personal own quest of touring the land and old towns of Italy, gleaning insights from humans he met alongside the best way who've wisdom approximately Cicero’s existence and occasions. even if, Cicero, Classicism, and pop culture is greater than an easy look for the guy and his accomplishments, a guy whose mere phrases replaced the way in which humans imagine. This publication exhibits in every one people the roots of our personal principles, ideals, and tradition.

Cicero, Classicism, and pop culture discusses:

  • Cicero’s upward push to acclaim
  • his have an effect on at the language of renowned culture
  • universal qualities Cicero shared with Thomas Jefferson
  • rhetoric, the paintings of oratory
  • community
  • pivotal essays on friendship and previous age
  • imaginative and prescient of his reputation
  • the quest for peace
  • Marshall McLuhan, Ciceronian
  • Cicero’s Rome
  • Cicero’s ancestral domestic of Arpinum
  • Julius Caesar, politics, and the affects of Cicero
  • the Roman republic and its downfall
  • the US because the new Rome
  • much more!

Cicero, Classicism, and pop culture is a startling, exciting exam of the guy who made Western tradition what it really is this day. The e-book is insightful studying for educators, scholars, or a person attracted to one of many significant forces in well known culture.

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By Edgard Sankara

Bringing a comparative viewpoint to the research of autobiography, Edgard
Sankara considers a cross-section of postcolonial francophone writing from Africa and the
Caribbean so one can learn and examine for the 1st time their transnational reception.
Sankara not just compares the ways that a big variety of autobiographies have been received
in the community (as good as in France) but additionally juxtaposes reception via the colonized and the colonizer
to teach how diverse meanings have been assigned to the works after
publication.

Sankara’s geographical and cultural assurance of Africa and
its diaspora is wealthy, with separate chapters dedicated to the autobiographies of Hampâté
Bâ, Valentin Mudimbé, Kesso Barry, Patrick Chamoiseau, Raphaël Confiant, and
Maryse Condé. the writer combines shut analyzing, reception examine, and postcolonial theory
to offer an insightful survey of the literary connections between those autobiographers as well
as an invaluable element of departure for extra exploration of the style itself, of the position of
reception reviews in postcolonial feedback, and of the stance that postcolonial francophone
writers decide to take relating to their groups of origin.

Modern Language
Initiative

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By Jason Tomes

almost immediately prior to 5pm on Saturday 1 September 1928 Europe received a brand new nation and its basically Muslin king: 32-year-old Zog I of Albania. Zog i used to be an important determine in glossy Albanian background, growing - or trying to create - nationwide and cultural identification for a rustic that had identified little balance or experience of id because the heart a long time. He used to be additionally the main strange monarch of the twentieth century, defined by way of contemporaries as: "a despotic brigand"; "the smooth Naploeon"; "Mussolini's lackey"; "the best patriot"; "frankly a cad". This biography indicates Zog because the manufactured from a distinct time and position. those who stay in safe, reliable international locations are invited to put aside their assumptions approximately eu monarchy and meet a king who fired again at assassins and paid his debts with gold bars.

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By Kazimierz WALISZEWSKI,Lorraine De MEAUX

La première véritable biographie en français de l. a. Grande Catherine (1893) demeure l'une des plus originales et n'a pas pris une ride.

Paru en 1893 et best-seller en son temps, Le Roman d'une impératrice est un ouvrage foisonnant et méticuleux, retraçant en dix-huit chapitres l'itinéraire prodigieux de cette petite princesse d'Anhalt-Zerbst, modeste et cultivée, devenue grande-duchesse de Russie, puis impératrice en 1762, par le journey de strength de los angeles destitution puis de l. a. mort de son mari Pierre III. Se fondant largement sur les écrits de Catherine, qui se reconnaissait elle même " graphomane ", l'auteur livre un portrait très complet de cette personnalité hors du commun, à los angeles fois determine centrale de l'Europe et, dans son will pay, matouchka qui se voulait plus russe et orthodoxe que beaucoup.
Même s'il est sous le charme de son héroïne, " une femme extraordinaire et une grande souveraine ", Waliszewski n'ignore pas ses components d'ombre : cruelle, despotique, peinant à réformer. Surtout, il fait entendre l. a. voix même de l'impératrice, joyeuse, puissante et passionnée. Le succès du livre, utilisé par tous les biographes ultérieurs de Catherine, provoqua l. a. controverse :comment un Polonais pouvait-il consacrer un travail si considérable à une souveraine qui avait anéanti sa patrie ?

Né en Pologne alors russe, le comte Kazimierz Waliszewski (1849-1934) étudia à Varsovie, puis à Metz et à Paris, où il s'établit. Ses ouvrages, presque tous écrits en français, portent d'abord sur les relatives diplomatiques entre l. a. France et l. a. Pologne sous l'Ancien Régime. Puis il se tourne vers l'histoire russe, avec des biographies, outre Catherine II, d'Elisabeth Ire (1902) et Ivan le bad (1904), ainsi qu'un autre livre très remarqué, Russes et Polonais (1906).
Lorraine de Meaux, agrégée et docteur en histoire, spécialiste de los angeles Russie moderne et contemporaine (
La Russie et l. a. tentation de l'Orient, Fayard, 2010), reveal l. a. genèse et les stipulations d'élaboration du Roman d'une impératrice, met en lumière ses enjeux politiques et historiographiques, et exprime son admiration critique pour cet ouvrage pionnier.

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By William W. Kibler,R. Barton Palmer

This quantity deals newly translated texts that exemplify the 2 most crucial traditions of Arthurian literature within the center a long time. Encompassing such key works comparable to Lawman’s Brut and Wace’s Romance of Brut, written in heart English and outdated French, respectively, the Arthurian Epic culture depends upon Geoffrey of Monmouth’s History of the Kings of Britain, written in Latin. Many smooth readers are extra acquainted with Arthur and his fabled court docket because the centerpiece of a major fictional culture, good represented within the moment a part of this quantity, together with Chrétien de Troyes’s Story of the Grail, the search of the Holy Grail, and the Perlesvaus. those choices emphasize the relationship among secular and spiritual understandings of chivalry that's the so much distinct caliber of medieval Arthurian romance. worthy as a lecture room textual content, the amount presents fabric for a semester’s worthy of study.
teachers contemplating this ebook to be used in a path may perhaps request an exam replica here.

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