Category: General European Biographies

By T.G. Otte

the 1st international battle and next peace cost formed the process the 20th century, and the profound value of those occasions weren't misplaced on Harold Temperley, whose diaries are offered the following. a longtime pupil, and later one among Britain’s greatest smooth and diplomatic historians, Temperley enlisted within the military on the outbreak of the struggle in August 1914. Invalided domestic from the Dardanelles crusade in 1915, he spent the rest of the warfare and its aftermath as a normal employees officer in army intelligence. right here he performed an important position in getting ready British procedure for the eventual peace convention and in finalising numerous post-war obstacles in jap Europe. Later, within the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties, Temperley used to be to co-edit the British diplomatic files at the origins of the struggle; and the vicissitudes of recent nice energy politics have been to be his primary preoccupation. starting in June 1916, the diary provides a roughly day-by-day checklist of Temperley’s actions and observations during the battle and next peace negotiations. As a qualified historian he preferred the importance of eyewitness debts, and if Temperley was once now not on the very middle of Allied decision-making in the course of these years, he definitely had a ringside seat. proficient to monitor correctly, he recorded the troubles and confusions of wartime, wide awake constantly of the ancient value of what he saw. accordingly there are few assets that fit Temperley’s diary, which provides a desirable and detailed point of view upon the politics and international relations of the 1st international warfare and its aftermath.

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By Simon Dixon

Neither a finished 'life and instances' nor a standard biography, this can be an interesting and obtainable exploration of rulership and monarchial authority in eighteenth century Russia. Its objective is to work out how Catherine II of Russia conceived of her energy and the way it was once represented to her matters.  Simon Dixon asks crucial questions about Catherin'es existence and reign, and provides new and stimulating arguments concerning the Englightenment, the facility of the monarch in early sleek Europe, and the much-debated position of the "great person" in history.

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By Christopher Storrs

A significant reassessment of Philip V's management and what it intended for the trendy Spanish state

usually disregarded as useless, indolent, and ruled through his moment spouse, Philip V of Spain (1700–1746), the 1st Bourbon king, used to be in reality the best risk to peace in Europe in the course of his reign. less than his rule, Spain was once a dynamic strength and expansionist energy, particularly within the Mediterranean global. Campaigns in Italy and North Africa revitalized Spanish keep an eye on within the Mediterranean sector, and the arriving of the Bourbon dynasty signaled a pointy holiday from Habsburg attitudes and practices. difficult long-held understandings of early eighteenth-century Europe and the Atlantic global, Christopher Storrs attracts on a wealthy array of fundamental records to track the political, army, and fiscal suggestions that laid the framework for the trendy Spanish nation and the coalescence of a countrywide id. Storrs illuminates the awesome revival of Spanish energy after 1713 and sheds new gentle at the frequently underrated king who made Spain’s resurgence possible.

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By Owen Chadwick

this can be an edited selection of Owen Chadwick's central writings on Lord Acton, the celebrated Victorian historian and founding father of The Cambridge smooth historical past. many of the items aren't any longer on hand, whereas one hasn't ever earlier than seemed in English. All were revised, occasionally broadly. Acton (1834–1902) used to be born in Naples, the grandson of the Neapolitan top minister Sir John Acton. trained at Munich collage, he sat as a Liberal MP 1859–64, was once created a baron in 1869, and in 1895 used to be appointed Regius Professor of recent historical past at Cambridge. This publication explains the $64000 points of Acton's complicated brain and his nice contribution to ancient experiences. Professor Chadwick, himself a former holder of Acton's Regius Chair, is the top senior authority either on Acton and on concerns of church and nation within the 19th century.

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By Vince J. Juaristi

Throughout background, Basque women and men have made contributions in navigation, schooling, technology, model, politics, and plenty of different fields. Too usually those achievements were neglected, or were claimed because the accomplishments of others. Basque Firsts: those that replaced the World profiles seven extraordinary Basques who have been the 1st of their fields to do something—something extraordinary—that had a dramatic effect on others who them. The profiles use basic assets to inform clean tales and supply a superb kind, displaying the awesome breadth of Basque contributions. They contain Juan Sebastían Elcano, the 1st individual to circumnavigate the earth; St. Ignatius of Loyola, the 1st Jesuit to seed a global stream in schooling; Santiago Ramón y Cajal, the daddy of Neurology and a Nobel laureate; Cristóbal Balenciaga, the king of high fashion; Paul Laxalt, one in every of Ronald Reagan’s closest buddies in politics; and Edurne Pasaban, the 1st girl to climb the world’s fourteen tallest mountains. Basque Firsts offers an extraordinary examine a culture’s humans, revealing the numerous contributions they've got shared.

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By Clara Hein

Möchten Sie erfahren, wie der Schauspieler Josef Hader als junger Straßenkünstler Geld verdiente und es gleich darauf wieder verlor?
Wollen Sie mit einem Wiener Müllfahrer in die städtischen Mistkübel blicken und dabei wertvolle Schätze entdecken?
Sind Sie neugierig, wie Günter Hawelka seine Kindheit im berühmten Kaffeehaus seiner Familie verbrachte?
Dieses Buch begleitet Wiener zu ihren persönlichen Orten und erzählt ihre Geschichten. Ein außergewöhnliches Stadtporträt, das einlädt, Wien neu zu entdecken!

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By Zlatko Anguelov

For many years american citizens imagined existence below Communist regimes to be grim, scary, and oppressive. no longer so, Bulgarian-born Zlatko Anguelov unearths during this eye-opening memoir. For the main half, existence used to be simply basic. humans modify; bread has to be earned; households get pleasure from every one other's corporation. If Communist governments have been oppressive, that oppression turned the norm for many people's lives; totalitarianism used to be mundane or even banal.

Yet within the morally ambivalent global of the communism within which Anguelov grew up, all people was once either sufferer and victimizer. Few dissented; few meant evil. extra normal have been stories of compliance, complicity, and informing on acquaintances and pals simply as a part of getting via. no matter if discussing his schooldays, his marriages, or his occupation, Anguelov inexhorably returns to his subject of compliance. In relocating yet understated prose, he describes his personal coming to phrases with the damage performed by means of compliance and his sluggish shift right into a extra politically lively stance.

Through the tales of Anguelov's circle of relatives and neighbors, he illustrates the categories of ethical offerings on hand to boring people. The factors for collaboration diversity from these of his grandfather, who cooperated with the govt simply because he believed fervently in communism, to these of his cousin, who cynically embraced the regime on the way to prosper. many years of studying to get by means of in this kind of method, Anguelov tricks, could have formed opportunists who now pose as democrats and who sought in post-communist reforms now not lots political freedom as fiscal prosperity.

In this penetrating and provocative account, Anguelov demanding situations effortless assumptions approximately communism, democracy, and jap Europe. His chilling insights into complicity less than Bulgarian communism bring up uncomfortable questions about the ethical dimensions of “going alongside” in any system.

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By David Booy

Writings through early-modern English artisans are infrequent and therefore important. London wood-turner and puritan, Nehemiah Wallington (1598-1658) is outstanding for having compiled fifty notebooks among 1618 and 1654. even supposing merely seven of those are extant, they not just supply a wealth of necessary information regarding lifestyles in seventeenth-century London, yet extra importantly supply entry to the author's own international, either internal and outer. offering immense excerpts from the surviving notebooks, this variation covers the large diversity of matters that lively Wallington's lifestyle. debts of incidents in his family, operating and spiritual existence take a seat facet by way of aspect with sustained meditations on his non secular nation; experiences on nationwide occasions are given, in addition to their attainable providential meanings. relatively illuminating are Wallington's reflections on his personal psychological well being, now and then suicidal, at others ecstatic. From letters on non secular concerns to expressions of tension over the health problems and mishaps of his spouse and kids, from vexed techniques approximately cash issues to chronicling the tumults of civil struggle London, this assortment offers a window into way of life in seventeenth-century England. by way of making the writings of Nehemiah Wallington to be had in a latest edited variation, absolutely footnoted and referenced, including a considerable scholarly creation, we are hoping that this little-known London wood-turner will quickly take his deserved position along with Pepys and Evelyn as one of many actual voices commenting on early glossy England.

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By John Malcolm

extremely popular in India to today, Sir John Malcolm is remarkably little recognized in his local Scotland. This ebook describes his outstanding trip from humble origins to turn into a number one participant within the transformation of the East India corporation from a mostly business into an agent of imperial govt, in the course of a very important interval of British and Indian political background. Born in 1769, Malcolm was once considered one of seventeen childrens of a tenant farmer within the Scottish Borders. Leaving tuition, kin and nation on the age of 13, he completed contrast in India over the subsequent half-century. A essential all-rounder, he excelled in lots of fields: as a certified soldier he campaigned with Wellington in south India and rose to Major-General; as an administrator, he pacified critical India and later turned Governor of Bombay. He led 3 corporation missions to Persia within the early phases of the nice online game of diplomatic contention among Britain and Russia. He used to be fluent in numerous languages, and wrote 9 influential books, together with The heritage of Persia. in response to huge learn in Britain and India, this biography brings to lifestyles the tale of a skilled and impressive guy dwelling in a dramatic period of imperial history.

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By Paul Robinson

Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov (1856–1929) used to be a key determine in past due Imperial Russia, and considered one of its most popular infantrymen. on the outbreak of global warfare I, his cousin, Tsar Nicholas II, appointed him superb Commander of the Russian military. From 1914 to 1915, after which back in brief in 1917, he used to be commander of the biggest military on the planet within the maximum warfare the area had ever obvious. His appointment mirrored the truth that he used to be possibly the guy the final Emperor of Russia depended on the main. At six foot six, the Grand Duke towered over these round him. His fierce mood used to be an issue of legend. despite the fact that, as Robinson’s shiny account indicates, he had a extra advanced character than both his supporters or detractors believed.

In a occupation spanning 50 years, the Grand Duke performed a necessary function in reworking Russia’s political method. In 1905, the Tsar assigned him the obligation of coordinating safeguard and protection making plans for the total Russian empire. while the Tsar requested him to imagine the mantle of army dictator, the Grand Duke, rather than accepting, persuaded the Tsar to signal a manifesto promising political reforms. much less opportunely, he additionally had a job in introducing the Tsar and Tsarina to the notorious Rasputin. many years after the revolution in 1917, the Grand Duke turned de facto chief of the Russian émigré community.

Despite his significance, the single different biography of the Grand Duke used to be written by way of one in every of his former generals in 1930, a yr after his loss of life, and it's only on hand in Russian. the results of study within the data of 7 nations, this groundbreaking biography—the first to seem in English—covers the Grand Duke’s complete lifestyles, interpreting either his deepest lifestyles and his expert occupation. Paul Robinson’s attractive account could be of significant worth to these drawn to international warfare I and armed forces heritage, Russian background, and biographies of awesome figures.

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